Common Abbreviations [Amino Acids]
2D two-dimensional
3D three-dimensional
aa amino acid(s)
Ab antibody
Act c 1, 2 nomenclature of kiwi fruit allergens (Actinidia chinensis)
Api g 1-5 nomenclature of celery allergens (Apium graveolens)
Ara h 1-7 nomenclature of peanut allergens (Arachis hypogaea)
Bos d 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 nomenclature of cow's milk allergens (Bos domesticus)
C concentration of N,N'-methylenbisacrylamide (crosslinker)
Cas s 1, 5 nomenclature of chestnut allergens (Castanea sativa)
CAST cellular antigen stimulation test
CCD cross-reactive carbohydrate determinants
CICBAA Cercle d'Investigations Cliniques et Biologiques en Allergologie Alimentaire (France)
CIE crossed immunoelectrophoresis
cIEF capillary isoelectric focussing
CLA cutaneous lymphocyte antigen
CLIE crossed line immunoelectrophoresis
CMA cow's milk allergy
CNBr cyanogen bromide
CRIE crossed radioimmunoelectrophoresis
Cor a 1 nomenclature of hazel pollen allergens (Corylus avellana)
Cyn d 1 nomenclature of bermuda grass pollen allergens (Cynodus dactylus)
DBPCFC double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge
DEAE diethylaminoethyl (cellulose) (anion exchanger)
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
DTT dithiothreitol
EAST enzyme allergosorbent test
EC enzyme classification system
EDTA ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, disodium salt
ELISA enzyme linked immunosorbent assay
EW egg white
FEIA fluorescence enzyme immunosorbent assay
Fuc fucose
Gad c 1 nomenclature of baltic cod allergen (Gadus callarias)
Gal  galactose
Gal d 1-5 nomenclature of egg allergens (Gallus domesticus)
GlcN glucosamine
GlcNAc N-acetylglucosamine
Gly m 1, 2, 3 nomenclature of soybean allergens (Glycine max)
GST glutathione-S-transferase
Hel a 1-2 nomenclature of sunflower allergens (Helianthus annuus)
Hev b 1-10 nomenclature of latex allergens (Hevea brasiliensis)
HLA human leucocyte antigen
Hol l 1 nomenclature of sweet velvet grass allergens (Holcus lanatus)
HPLC high performance liquid chromatography
HPS hydrophobic protein of soybean
HR Histamine Release
IEC ion exchange chromatography
IEF isoelectric focussing
Ig immunoglobulin
IL interleukin
INF-gamma interferon-gamma
LFC labial food challenge
Lol p 1 nomenclature of rye grass allergens (Lolium perenne)
LTA4 leukotriene A4
LTB4 leukotriene B4
LTC4 leukotriene C4
LTP lipid transfer protein
LY lysozyme
Man mannose
Man i 1, 2 nomenclature of mango allergens (Mangifera indica)
Mal d 1, 2, 3 nomenclature of apple fruit allergens (Malus domestica)
MALDI-MS matrix-assisted laser-induced desorption/ionization mass spectrometry
MAST multiple allergen sorbent test
MHC major histocompatibility complex
Mr molecular mass
Mus a 1 nomenclature of banana allergens (Musa spp.)
NeuNAc N-acetylneuraminic acid
NMR nuclear magnetic resonance (spectroscopy)
NPV negative predictive value
NRL natural rubber latex
OA ovalbumin
OAS oral allergy syndrome
OM ovomucoid
Ory s 1 nomenclature of rice allergens (Oryza sativa)
OT ovotransferrin
PAGE polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis 
PBMC peripheral blood mononuclear cells
PBS phosphate buffered saline
Phl p 1 nomenclature of timothy grass allergens (Phleum pratense)
pI isoelectric point
PCA passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (test)
PCR polymerase chain reaction
PK test Prausnitz-Küstner test
PPT prick to prick test (skin test with fresh foods)
PPV positive predictive value
Prs a 1 (Pers a 1) nomenclature of avocado allergens (Persea americana)
Pru av 1, 2, 4 nomenclature of sweet cherry allergens (Prunus avium)
Pru p 3 nomenclature of peach allergens (Prunus persica)
PVDF polyvinyliden difluoride
PVPP polyvinyl polypyrrolidone
RAST radioallergosorbent test
RBL cells rat basophil leukaemia cells
RIEP radioimmunoelectrophoresis
RNA ribonucleic acid
RT room temperature
SAFT skin application food test
SBPCFC single-blind placebo-controlled food challenge
SDS sodium dodecylsulfate
SEC size exclusion chromatography
Ses i 1 nomenclature of sesame allergens (Sesamum indicum)
SPT skin prick test
T total acrylamide concentration
TCC T-cell clone
TCL T-cell line
TGF-beta-1 transforming growth factor beta-1
TH thermolysin
TNF-alpha tumor necrosis factor alpha
TR trypsin
Tris tris-(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane
WgA wheat germ agglutinin
Xyl xylose

Abbreveations of DNA-encoded Amino Acids
Alanine Ala A Leucine Leu L
Arginine Arg R Lysine Lys K
Asparagine Asn N Methionine Met M
Aspartic acid Asp D Phenylalanine Phe F
Cysteine Cys C Proline Pro P
Glutamine Gln Q Serine Ser S
Glutamic acid Glu E Threonine Thr T
Glycine Gly G Tryptophan Trp W
Histidine His H Tyrosine Tyr Y
Isoleucine Ile I Valine Val V

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